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OTP Form Example Made with Tailwind CSS and JavaScript

Preview of the OTP form

In this tutorial, we will show you how to create a very simple OTP (One-Time Password) form using Tailwind CSS and a bit of vanilla JavaScript.

An OTP form is commonly used to verify a user’s identity through a code sent via SMS or email. Once received, the user inputs the code into the form, completing the 2-step verification process and gaining access to the application.

These types of forms typically allow the input of a numerical PIN. Visually, they display a sequence of input fields – one for each digit – with focus automatically shifting to the next field after each entry. To handle this interaction, we have used some basic JavaScript that you can easily change or extend as needed.

The JavaScript logic we’ve implemented handles the following tasks:

  • Managing focus automatically on input
  • Validating input using a regular expression pattern (Regex) to restrict entries to numbers only
  • Enabling copy and paste functionality

Code

<div class="max-w-md mx-auto text-center bg-white px-4 sm:px-8 py-10 rounded-xl shadow">
    <header class="mb-8">
        <h1 class="text-2xl font-bold mb-1">Mobile Phone Verification</h1>
        <p class="text-[15px] text-slate-500">Enter the 4-digit verification code that was sent to your phone number.</p>
    </header>
    <form id="otp-form">
        <div class="flex items-center justify-center gap-3">
            <input
                type="text"
                class="w-14 h-14 text-center text-2xl font-extrabold text-slate-900 bg-slate-100 border border-transparent hover:border-slate-200 appearance-none rounded p-4 outline-none focus:bg-white focus:border-indigo-400 focus:ring-2 focus:ring-indigo-100"
                pattern="\d*" maxlength="1" />
            <input
                type="text"
                class="w-14 h-14 text-center text-2xl font-extrabold text-slate-900 bg-slate-100 border border-transparent hover:border-slate-200 appearance-none rounded p-4 outline-none focus:bg-white focus:border-indigo-400 focus:ring-2 focus:ring-indigo-100"
                maxlength="1" />
            <input
                type="text"
                class="w-14 h-14 text-center text-2xl font-extrabold text-slate-900 bg-slate-100 border border-transparent hover:border-slate-200 appearance-none rounded p-4 outline-none focus:bg-white focus:border-indigo-400 focus:ring-2 focus:ring-indigo-100"
                maxlength="1" />
            <input
                type="text"
                class="w-14 h-14 text-center text-2xl font-extrabold text-slate-900 bg-slate-100 border border-transparent hover:border-slate-200 appearance-none rounded p-4 outline-none focus:bg-white focus:border-indigo-400 focus:ring-2 focus:ring-indigo-100"
                maxlength="1" />
        </div>
        <div class="max-w-[260px] mx-auto mt-4">
            <button type="submit"
                class="w-full inline-flex justify-center whitespace-nowrap rounded-lg bg-indigo-500 px-3.5 py-2.5 text-sm font-medium text-white shadow-sm shadow-indigo-950/10 hover:bg-indigo-600 focus:outline-none focus:ring focus:ring-indigo-300 focus-visible:outline-none focus-visible:ring focus-visible:ring-indigo-300 transition-colors duration-150">Verify
                Account</button>
        </div>
    </form>
    <div class="text-sm text-slate-500 mt-4">Didn't receive code? <a class="font-medium text-indigo-500 hover:text-indigo-600" href="#0">Resend</a></div>
</div>
<script>
    document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', () => {
        const form = document.getElementById('otp-form')
        const inputs = [...form.querySelectorAll('input[type=text]')]
        const submit = form.querySelector('button[type=submit]')

        const handleKeyDown = (e) => {
            if (
                !/^[0-9]{1}$/.test(e.key)
                && e.key !== 'Backspace'
                && e.key !== 'Delete'
                && e.key !== 'Tab'
                && !e.metaKey
            ) {
                e.preventDefault()
            }

            if (e.key === 'Delete' || e.key === 'Backspace') {
                const index = inputs.indexOf(e.target);
                if (index > 0) {
                    inputs[index - 1].value = '';
                    inputs[index - 1].focus();
                }
            }
        }

        const handleInput = (e) => {
            const { target } = e
            const index = inputs.indexOf(target)
            if (target.value) {
                if (index < inputs.length - 1) {
                    inputs[index + 1].focus()
                } else {
                    submit.focus()
                }
            }
        }

        const handleFocus = (e) => {
            e.target.select()
        }

        const handlePaste = (e) => {
            e.preventDefault()
            const text = e.clipboardData.getData('text')
            if (!new RegExp(`^[0-9]{${inputs.length}}$`).test(text)) {
                return
            }
            const digits = text.split('')
            inputs.forEach((input, index) => input.value = digits[index])
            submit.focus()
        }

        inputs.forEach((input) => {
            input.addEventListener('input', handleInput)
            input.addEventListener('keydown', handleKeyDown)
            input.addEventListener('focus', handleFocus)
            input.addEventListener('paste', handlePaste)
        })
    })                        
</script>